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TESOL Reading and Writing Skills Thesis from Lily

作者:TESOL in China

TESOL Reading and Writing Skills Thesis from Lily

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TESOL Reading Skills:

Before I came here, I know little about how to teach reading. I thought teaching reading is easier than writing, because we seem to do better in reading test than in writing. Reading is difficult because there are too many new words. After class, I realized there are so many ways to teach reading.

Teaching reading can be divided into three processes: pre-reading, while-reading and post-reading.


TESOL Pre-reading Skill: Guessing.

You predict what the passage or story is about. You can use following predicting questions: what do you think will happen?/ what will the author do or tell you next? / what clues tell you what will happen? Etc. You can guess the topic of the article; writers opinion; words the text will use; how the text will make you feel or what do you think you will learn from the text.

There are some activities that you can use to guess. For example, choose one topic sentence from the article, and let the students guess what kind of article this sentence comes from, what else they will read about in this article or write a question they think will be answered in the article.


TESOL While-reading Skills: Skimming and Scanning

Skimming is when you want to do read something quickly to get a general idea about the article. You can read the table of contents; the opening and closing sentences of paragraphs to get the main idea; headings and subheadings and illustrations or graphic features.

Scanning is when you want to read something quickly to find a specific piece of information. You should read quickly without stopping. Dont worry about understanding text and look for specific details, e.g. dates, time, numbers or question to be answered.


TESOL Post-reading Skills: associations and summarizing

The goals of associations is to personalize readings and connect readings to own knowledge so that the article is more memorable and understandable.

To summarize the article, you just have to identify main ideas and important details, and it is not necessary to remember everything. You can use the following questions to summarize any reading: what is the reading about?/ who is the reading about?/ what happened? When? Where? Why did the author write this?

There are some activities that you can use in post-reading. For example, you can use graphic organizers to interpret or create a story. Also, you can use jigsaw reading game to practise. Cut the article into pieces, let the students cooperate together to get the right order of the article.


TESOL Writing Skills:

Writing is an output process. It is not easy for students to write a passage. There are five steps to write a paragraph.

·Pre-writing. Before you write, you should think about some basic ideas. For example, what the paragraph is about, who is in the story, how the story will go through etc.

·Drafting. Write down your ideas about the paragraph.

·Revising. Revise what you wrote. You add, remove, move and substitute the draft, abbreviating it ARMS.

·Editing. Improve your writing again. Pay attention to capitalization, usage, punctuation and spelling(CUPS).

·Publishing. After all the above steps, you can show your paragraph to your teachers, friends or other publishers to get some advice.


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